Department Head: 

Prof. Dr. Alexandra-Maria Klein
phone:+49 (0)761 203-67770



Mrs. Ilona Winkler
phone:+49 (0)761 203-3635
fax:+49 (0)761 203-3638


Chair of Nature Conservation
& Landscape Ecology
University of Freiburg
Tennenbacher Str. 4
D-79106 Freiburg




Sie sind hier: Startseite Team Dr. Gesine Pufal

Dr. Gesine Pufal

Pufal_Gesine_2016 Gesine Pufal
phone: +49 (0) 761-203 67771
Room No. 03097 



I am interested in plant-animal interactions and how these processes affect ecosystems. My main focus is on seed predation and seed dispersal by smaller animals, i.e. woodlice, snails or beetles (project: Phenotypic and behavioral plasticity in seed dispersal interactions). I also want to know how biodiversity (i.e. plant diversity or arthropod diversity) affects ecosystem processes such as seed predation and dispersal (project: Seed predation and seed dispersal along an urban-rural gradient) and how anthropogenic disturbances influences biodiversity and ecosystem functions (project: Effects of anthropogenically distributed antibiotics on plants and plant-insect interactions). I find it especially important to share novel scientific findings with the general public and therefore I try to find new avenues and opportunities to actively involve society in our research.




04 2020-

01 2021

Junior Fellow at the Freiburg Institute of Advanced Studies - FRIAS

08 2019 -

03 2020

Maternity leave and parental leave
since 2013Lecturer/postdoc at the Chair of Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg
2011 - 2013Postdoc in the working group ecosystem functions at Leuphana University of Lüneburg (ProScience Scholarship)
2007 - 2010PhD in Ecology and Biodiversity at Victoria University of Wellington,  New Zealand (NZIDR Scholarship)
 PhD thesis: „The Evolution and ecology of hygrochastic capsule dehiscence” with Phil Garnock-Jones and Ken G. Ryan
1999 - 2005Studies in biology at the University of Rostock
 Diploma thesis: "Influences on the fruit set of Cheiridopsis imitans and Leipoldtia schultzei under different land use conditions" with Stefan Porembski and Norbert Jürgens




  • Pufal, G. & Skarbek, C. (2021): Environmental conditions and seed traits affect seed dispersal patterns in a slug-legume model system. Oikos 130: 1598-1609. Link
  • Garratt, M.P.D., de Groot, A.G., Albrecht, M., Bosch, J., Breeze, T.D., Fountain, M., Klein, A.M., McKerchar, M., Park, M., Potts, S.G., Pufal, G., Rader, R., Senapathi, G.D., Andersson, G.K.S., Bernauer, O.M., Blitzer, E.J., Boreux, V., Campell, A. Foldensi, R., García, D., Garibaldi, L., Hambäck, P.A., Kirkitadze, G., Kovács-Hostyánski, A., Martins, K.T., McKendrick, L., Miñarro, M., Radzeviciute, R., Roquer, L., Samnegård, U., Vereecken, N.J. Webber, S.I, Japoshvili, G. & Zhusupbaeva, A. (2021): Opportunities to reduce pollination deficits and address production shortfalls in an important insect pollinated crop. Ecological Applications. online first. doi: 10.1002/eap.2445. Link.
  • Hutchinson, L.A., Oliver, T.H., Breeze, T.D., Bailes, E.J., Boreux, V., Campbell, A.J., de Groot, G.A., Földesi, R., García, D., Hainaut, H., Hambäck, P.A., Holzschuh, A., Jauker, F., Kleijn, D., McKerchar, M., Miñarro, M., Potts, S.G., Pufal, G., Radzevičiūtė, R., Roberts, S.P.M., Samnegård, U., Vereecken, N.J., Westphal, C., Woodcock, B.A. & Garratt, M.P.D. (2021): Using ecological and field survey data to establish a national list of the wild bee pollinators of crops. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 315: 107447. Link
  • Skarbek, C., Ebeling, A., Meyer, S., Schulze, C. & Pufal, G. (2021): Testing a highly replicable and standardized method to rapidly assess seed removal probabilities. Basic and Applied Ecology 52: 15-23. Link


  • Beckman, N.G., Aslan, C.E., Rogers, H.R., Kogan, O., Bronstein, J.L., Bullock, J.M., Hartig, F., HilleRisLambers, J., Zhou, Y., Zurell, D.,  Brodie, J.F., Bruna, E.M., Cantrell, R.S., Decker, R., Effiom, E.O., Fricke, E.C., Gurski, K., Hastings, A., Johnson, J., Loiselle, B.A., Miriti, M.N., Neubert, M.G., Pejchar, L., Poulsen, J.R., Pufal, G., Razafindratsima, O.H., Sandor, M., Shea, K., Schreiber, S.J., Schupp, E.W., Snell, R.S., Strickland, C., & Zambrano, J. (2020): Advancing an interdisciplinary framework to study seed dispersal ecology. AoB Plants 12: plz048. Link
  • Bullock, J. & Pufal, G. (2020): Human-mediated dispersal as driver of vegetation dynamics: a conceptual synthesis. Journal of Vegetation Science 31: 943-953. Link


  • Von Königslöw, V., Klein, A.M., Staab, M. & Pufal, G. (2019): Benchmarking nesting aids for cavity-nesting bees and wasps. Biodiversity and Conservation 28: 3831-3849. Link
  • Breeze, T.D., Boreux, V., Cole, L., Dicks, L., Klein, A.M., Pufal, G., Balzan, M., Bevk, D., Bortolotti, L., Petanidou, T., Mand, M., Pinto, M.A., Scheper, J., Stanisavljevic, L., Stavrinides, M.C., Tscheulin, T., Varnava, A. & Kleijn, D. (2019): Linking farmer and beekeeper preferences with ecological knowledge to improve crop pollination. People and Nature 1: 562-572. Link
  • Miczajka, V.L., Klein, A.M. & Pufal, G. (2019): Slug activity density increases seed predation independently of an urban-rural gradient. Basic and Applied Ecology 39: 15-25. Link
  • Rogers, H., Beckman, N.G., Hartig, F., Johnson, J.S., Pufal, G., Shea, K., Zurell, D., Bullock, J.M., Cantrell, R.S., Loiselle, B., Pejchar, L., Razafindratsima, O.H., Sandor, M.E., Schupp, E.W., Strickland, W.C. & Zambrano, J. (2019): The total dispersal kernel: a review and future directions. AoB Plants 11: plz042. Link
  • Johnson, J.S., Cantrell, S., Cosner, C., Hartig, F., Hastings, A., Rogers, H., Schupp, E.W., Shea, K., Teller, B.J., Yu, X., Zurell, D. & Pufal, G. (2019): Rapid changes in seed dispersal traits may modify plant responses to global change. AoB Plants 11: plz020. Link
  • Aslan, C., Beckman, N., Rogers, H., Bronstein, J., Zurell, D., Hartig, F., Shea, K., Pejchar, L., Neubert, M., Poulsen, J., HilleRisLambers, J., Miriti, M., Loiselle, B., Effiom, E., Zambrano, J., Schupp, E., Pufal, G., Johnson, J., Bullock, J., Brodie, J., Bruna, E., Cantrell, S., Decker, R., Fricke, E., Gurski, K., Hastings, A., Kogan, O., Powell, J., Razafindratsima, O., Sandor, M., Schreiber, S., Snell, R., Strickland, C., & Zhou, J.  (2019): Employing plant functional groups to advance seed dispersal ecology and conservation. AoB Plants 11: plz006. Link
  • Pufal, G., Memmert, J., Leonhardt, S.D. & Minden, V. (2019): Negative bottom-up effects of sulfadiazine, but not penicillin and tetracycline, in soil substitute on plants and higher trophic levels. Environmental Pollution 245: 531-544. Link
  • Eckerter, T., Buse, J., Förschler, M. & Pufal, G. (2019): Additive positive effects of canopy openness on European bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) fruit quantity and quality. Forest Ecology and Management 433: 122-130. Link


  • Bullock, J., Bonte, D., Pufal, G., da Silva Carvalho, C., Chapman, D., Garcia, C., Garcia, D., Matthysen, E. & Delgado, M. (2018): Human-mediated dispersal and the rewiring of spatial networks. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33: 958-970. Link
  • Staab, M., Pufal, G., Tscharntke, T. & Klein, A.M. (2018): Trap nests for bees and wasps to analyse trophic interactions in changing environments - a systematic overview and user guide. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9: 2226-2239. Link
  • Minden, V., Schnetger B., Pufal, G. & Leonhardt, S.D. (2018): Antibiotic-induced effects on scaling relationships and on plant element contents in herbs and grasses. Ecology and Evolution 8: 6699-6713. Link
  • Janssen, A., Hunger, H., Konold, W., Pufal, G. & Staab, M. (2018): Simple pond restoration measures increase dragonfly (Insecta: Odonata) diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 2311-2328.  Link
  • Klein, A.M., Fornoff, F., Mupepele, A.C., Boreux, V. & Pufal, G. (2018): Relevance of wild and managed bees for human well-being. Current Opinion in Insect Science 26: 82-88. Link


  • Pufal, G., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Klein, A.M. (2017): Crop pollination services at the landscape scale. Current Opinion in Insect Science 21: 91-97. Link
  • Minden, V., Deloy, A., Volkert, A.M., Leonhardt, S. & Pufal, G. (2017): Antibiotics impact plant traits, even at small concentrations. Annals of Botany Plants 9: plx10. doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plx010. Link


  • Weiss, F., Brummer, T.J. & Pufal, G. (2016): Mountain bikes as seed dispersers and their potential socio-ecological consequences. Journal of Environmental Management 181: 326-332. Link
  • Dudenhöffer, J.H., Pufal, G., Roscher, C., & Klein, A.M. (2016): Plant density can increase invertebrate post-dispersal seed predation in an experimental grassland community. Ecology and Evolution 6: 3796-3807. Link
  • Peixoto-Pereira, M.H., Pufal, G., Staab, M., Martins, C.F. & Klein, A.M. (2016): Diversity and specificity of host-natural enemy interactions in an urban-rural interface. Ecological Entomology 41: 241-252. Link


  • Miczajka, V.L., Klein, A.M. & Pufal, G. (2015): Elementary school children contribute to environmental research as citizen scientists. PLOS ONE 10: e0143229. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143229. Link
  • Pufal, G. & Klein, A.M. (2015): Spatial scale affects seed predation and dispersal in contrasting anthropogenic landscapes. Basic and Applied Ecology 16: 726-736. Link
  • Schäckermann, J., Pufal, G., Mandelik, Y. & Klein, A.M. (2015): Agro-ecosystem services and dis-services in almond orchards are differentially influenced by the surrounding landscape. Ecological Entomology 40: 12-21. Link


  • Tallis, H. et al. (incl. Klein, A.M. & Pufal, G.) (2014): Working together: A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515: 27-28. Link
  • Hudewenz, A., Pufal, G., Bögeholz, A.L. & Klein, A.M. (2014): Cross-pollination benefits differ among oilseed rape varieties. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 152: 770-778. Link
  • Pereira-Peixoto, H.M., Pufal, G., Martins, C.F. & Klein, A.M. (2014): Spillover of trap-nesting bees and wasps in an urban-rural interface. Journal of Insect Conservation 18: 815-825. Link


  • Pufal, G. & Klein, A.M. (2013): Post-dispersal seed predation of three grassland species in a plant diversity experiment. Journal of Plant Ecology 6: 468-479. Link

2007 - 2010

  • Pufal, G. & Garnock-Jones, P. (2010): Hygrochastic capsule dehiscence supports safe site strategies in alpine Veronica (Plantaginaecae). Annals of Botany 106: 405-412.
  • Pufal, G., Ryan, K.G. & Garnock-Jones, P. (2010): Hygrochastic capsule dehiscence in New Zealand alpine Veronica (Plantaginaecae). American Journal of Botany 97: 1413-1423.
  • Pufal, G., Mayer, C., Juergens, N. & Porembski, S. (2008): Factors affecting fruit set in Aizoaecae species of the Succulent Karoo. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 401-409.
  • Mayer, C. & Pufal, G. (2007): Investigation of the breeding systems of four Aizoaecae species in Namaqualand, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 73: 657-660.


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